Shell Petroleum Development Company recorded two oil spill incidents which accounted for 48 barrels per day in August, this year.
The Daily, www.thedaily-ng.com gathered that the first occurred at Imo River on September 1, 2017 while the second took place on September 8 at Escravos in Delta state.
Consequently, Shell documented in its report that: ‘’the first incident occurred at Imo River 1 Well 5S Flowline at Igiriukwu. Recovery planned for August 2017.
‘’The second occurred at Otumara-Escravos pipelines at Ugboegungun. Recovery planned for September 2017.’’
The company has encountered several attacks in recent times which impacted negatively on operations.
Investigations by The Daily, www.thedaily-ng.com showed that there eight cases of pipeline vandalism in July, this year alone which accounted for over 100 barrels per day.
The company also stated in its briefing notes obtained by The Daily, www.thedaily-ng.com that security in parts of the Niger Delta remains a major concern with persisting incidents of criminality, vandalism, threats from self-described militant groups, host community agitations and offshore piracy.
According to the company, there were renewed acts of sabotage by self-described militant groups on oil and gas infrastructure in parts of the Niger Delta in 2016, which severely impacted oil and gas operations.
For example, it disclosed that export operations at the SPDC- operated Forcados Oil Terminal (FOT) were disrupted after three sabotage incidents in 2016.
‘’This resulted in loss of revenue, particularly for domestic producers who rely on the FOT for export. Facilities operated by both indigenous and international oil and gas companies were vandalised by attacks and other illegal activities such as crude oil theft, which led to a sharp decline in oil and gas production and incidents of environmental contamination. The consequences included a loss of revenue for the Federal Government of Nigeria and major disruptions to gas supply to power electricity for industry, businesses and public sector services.
‘’The safety of staff and contractors in Nigeria remains the top priority. Shell Companies in Nigeria aim to mitigate security risks that may impact people, the environment and assets – thus operations are carried out only where it is safe to do so. We continue to deploy in-country expertise to mitigate security risks around our operations. We also continue to engage with the government and non-governmental organisations (NGOs), as well as local communities, to help promote human rights and a peaceful and safe operating environment.
‘’Oil spills due to crude oil theft and sabotage of facilities (referred to as thirdparty interference), as well as illegal refining cause the most environmental damage from oil and gas operations in the Niger Delta. Irrespective of cause, the SPDC JV cleans up and remediates areas affected by spills originating from its facilities. The spills are sometimes made worse where there are access challenges to the incident sites to investigate and stop leaks. Third-party interference on pipelines and other infrastructure was responsible for 90% of oil spill incidents of more than 100 kilograms from SPDC JV facilities in 2016.
‘’Crude oil theft on the pipeline network resulted in a loss of about 5,660 barrels of oil a day (bbl/d) in 2016, which is less than the 25,000 bbl/d in 2015. The number of sabotage-related spills declined to 45* compared with 93 in 2015. The reduction in oil theft and sabotage-related spills from the previous year can be attributed to continued improvements in air and ground surveillance and response by government security forces, lower production levels at SPDC JV operations in the Western part of the Niger Delta due to acts of sabotage and the divestment in 2015 of the Nembe Creek Trunkline (NCTL).’’